An introduction to the history of european possessions in africa

As in Korea, the Japanese treatment of the Chinese people was particularly brutal as exemplified by the Nanjing Massacre. Roelof then beat her twice with an ox strap. This is because the Dutch had their most important colonial interests in Indonesia, which included the growing of crops and spices that could not be produced in Europe.

These companies were formed by businessmen who were interested in exploiting the natural resources of the territories they were allowed to govern. In the Philippines, the nationalist movement under Emilio Aguinaldo —which had already fought against Spanish rule during the Philippines Revolution ofoffered stiff resistance to the USA, dragging the new colonial masters into a long war — African Economies and Module Ten: What causes and interpretations can be identified for the end of colonial rule.

Sometimes they divided existing systems of government at the time of colonial conquest. The clubs continue through adulthood. Following the Canadian example, the Australian overseas territories, which were originally established as penal colonies, were joined together in a confederation by the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act of July 9 His son, Dom Pedrowas left in charge of Brazil and in he declared independence from Portugal and himself the Emperor of Brazil.

In other cases, there was not a clear understanding of what the treaties were about or what the consequences of them would be. The Netherlands failed in its attempt to reclaim Dutch India. After intensive debates at various imperial conferences, the Inter-Imperial Relations Committee was established in to examine these issues.

In an attempt to restore his authority, Krugel beat all the slaves on the farm. He combines all the qualities an historian needs to write a perfect book: As part of this strategy, colonialists did not try to negotiate governance with indigenous African rulers and governments. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

This process occurred relatively quickly given that colonial rule had existed in some cases for a number of centuries. This meant that the interior of Africa, about which little was known, was the land area available. Yoruba traditional religion holds that there is one supreme being and hundreds of orisha, or minor deities.

Everyone prays frequently to this deity. Thus, when the British government finally ended slavery inthe Cape ceased to be a slave society. The Treaty of Paris of restored the original five to the French while making it clear that France could not expand its control beyond these areas.

Germany, FranceGreat BritainNetherlandsBelgiumPortugaland Spain were all considered to have a future role in the imperial partition of Africa. You will remember from the last module that parts of Africa, such as Ethiopia and Egypt, were home to Christians right from the beginning of Christianity as a region.

The Portuguese and Spanish colonial empire were smaller, mostly legacies of past colonization. They introduced a land taxation system called the Permanent Settlement which introduced a feudal -like structurea See Zamindar in Bengal. Between and more and more slaves were bought from Madagascar.

The main purpose of these expeditions was to trade slaves. By looking at the languages listed, which European countries do you expect were involved in colonizing Africa. During the first part of the 20th century, while China was still subject to various European imperialisms, Japan became an imperialist power, conquering what it called a " Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere ".

Imperialism in Asia[ edit ] Main article: Just like early European immigrants to the United States and Canada, settlers in Africa planned to make the colonies their permanent home.

This accounts for the fact that Burma does not have an obvious colonial legacy and is not a part of the Commonwealth.

What would your interests be as a European nation. The British crown formally took over in and renamed the area the East Africa Protectorate.

Since slaves were kept in a state of slavery against their will, the slave owners and the VOC needed a system of laws to ensure that slaves were kept in their subordinate position.

Indigenous authorities had a subordinate place in these administrations. Author Marco Ramerini Portuguese Empire: Map Assignment Using information from this lesson and from the map Colonialismcomplete the following map assignment.

Haiti became the second independent nation that was a former European colony in the Western Hemisphere after the United States.

It governed Kenya until This accounts for the fact that Burma does not have an obvious colonial legacy and is not a part of the Commonwealth.

By the early twentieth century, however, much of Africa, except Ethiopia and Liberia, had been colonized by European powers. The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social.

History of colonialism

Abolitionist history makes abolition look like a triumph of European modernity and human rights, but the truth is more complicated. The abolitionist movement in East Africa was both a humanitarian and an imperialist endeavor.

The History of Africa Tore Linné Eriksen Introduction The history chapter in the previous edition of Studying Africa included books published up to Since then, the literature on the history of Africa. Africa was the target of the third wave of European colonialism, after that of the Americas and Asia.

Many European statesmen and industrialists wanted to accelerate the Scramble for Africa, securing colonies before they strictly needed them. History of slavery and early colonisation in South Africa.

Decolonization and Revolution

Estimates of the number of slaves transported from their African homes to European colonial possession in the Americas range from 9 to 15 million people. Although a great deal of violence accompanied the trade in slaves, the sheer scale of operations involved a high degree of.

European nations colonized Africa from the late 19th century until the middle to later 20th century.

Module Seven (B), Activity Two

Although Europeans had had contact with many parts of Africa much longer than this (for example, through the Atlantic Slave Trade), they did not impose a formal rule of law over Africa .

An introduction to the history of european possessions in africa
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